Git Tfs Cheat Sheet

GitFlow is the most popular Git branching model. Vocabulary. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. DevOps Linux. Git is one of the, if the not the, most popular version control systems available. By default Git will create a patch for every. Our Git cheat sheet saves you from learning all the commands by heart. On the other hand, Git branch located in my personal compute, at one time it must merge with the project located at the main repository. Flutter Animations Cheat Sheet (Tomek Polański) Podcasts, Screencasts & Videos. If you prefer to work within the Visual Studio IDE (as opposed to the command line) then you definitely want to install this extension. To check if you’re up-to-date with GitHub run git fetch origin before git status and you’ll know you’re up-to-date. The External Links section is a curated, ever-evolving collection of tutorials, books, videos, and other Git resources. Is that the same as SVN ? In team projects always individual modules must merge with the principal (client-server). Reference sheets covering Git commands, features, SVN migrations, and bash. Trying to remember all those commands to perform common git tasks can be a bit of. If the switch is plugged into the local network router, then the machines can be ssh'd into. This Git cheat sheet saves you time when you just can't remember what a command is or don't want to use git help in the command line. Keep one of our Git Cheat Sheets nearby for reference. Git Cheat Sheet, version 2 front side (Inkscape SVG) Git Cheat Sheet, version 2 back side (Inkscape SVG) Another thing that I didn't pay attention to last time was the license. Our Git cheat sheet saves you from learning all the commands by heart. But in this post I'll show how to work with git from terminal (console) in Linux or using git-bash in Windows. The Microsoft Azure Machine Learning Algorithm Cheat Sheet helps you choose the right algorithm for a predictive analytics model. Git Cheat Sheet ¶ This is a short list of commands. It was written in C, shell, Perl, TCL, and python. About Git Flow. Rather than getting tied to any one Git UI, I wanted to get a grasp of plain old Git and the commands it offers. Daily Work Staging add pathspec add -A pathspec. Visual Studio Tools for Git is a Visual Studio Extension (not a set of command line tools) that provides a set of context menus exposing typical Git operations such as Clone, Push, Pull, and Fetch. At work we still use TFS and SVN (as of now). Go through the below reference tables. Create a project, to start using GitLab. I work at Samsara - #16 Top Start Up according to LinkedIn. Basic Commands: Initialize local git repository > git init. The Using Git Cheat Sheet is available in several languages. On the other hand, Git branch located in my personal compute, at one time it must merge with the project located at the main repository. origin is the alias name git remote add origin [email protected] They always have a place, from casual social media use to top level inbound marketing strategies. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. The are two manuals available: TortoiseGit (in general, includes a daily usage guide) TortoiseGitMerge; If you need help or more specific support please see our support page and our FAQ. git-flow are a set of git extensions to provide high-level repository operations for Vincent Driessen's branching model. Git is the free and open source distributed version control system that's responsible for everything GitHub related that happens locally on your computer. If you have extra time Do work on someone else’s branch #Fetch all the branches from remote git fetch --all #Show a list of all branches. SEE: All of TechRepublic's cheat sheets and. What is Git. Build Better Software. GitHub for Visual Studio 2. In this article, we’ll see all the basic Git commands you need to get started with it. $ git fetch [fetch all the info you don't have from remote repository, no automatical merging] $ git merge [automatically merge data from remote with the your repository data] $ git pull [fetch and merge automatically] pull = fetch + merge $ git push origin master [push your version to the server]. It's important to understand that git checkout -- [file] is a dangerous command. net/git/ Based on work by Zack Rusin Basics Use git help [command] if you're stuck. It applies to Git master servers as well as its mirrors. Why Jenkins? Jenkins is a software that allows continuous integration. What is TFS? TFS can be integrated with IDE's like visual studio and eclipse. Creating a new git repository. Note: If you visit this page on a Mac, you will see the key bindings for the Mac. git checkout also mutates things related to files and mutates things related to branches too (in a diff way). So I went pointing around where I didn't need to and ended up messing things up. INSTALLATION & GUIS With platform specific installers for Git, GitHub also provides the. The git API is so vast and so esoteric, I can barely manage to keep a fraction of one-percent of it in my head. It is hard to memorize all the important Git commands as a newbie, most times Senior Developers forget too. Over 100,000 developers and designers are more productive with Tower - the most powerful Git client for Mac and Windows. Cut2SizeMetals. Git, GitHub, DVCS, oh my! Learn all the lingo and the basics of Git. Example: git branch -d test-branch Git staging the changes git add. git OR git remote add…. Git Cheat Sheet. Git and SVN are both software. Email coding4medicine with suggestions and changes. As I've begun to set up my own private Git hosting repository (see Private Git hosting services, and My A2 Hosting Git repository using SSH), it's time to cram all these Git commands back into my head again. This cheat sheet summarizes commonly used Git command line instructions for quick reference. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Step 3: Hand Out a Git Cheat Sheet. The installer will check a few PHP settings and then download composer. Originally created by Linus Torvalds to help manage the Linux source code, it's now used by millions of projects across all languages. For a more detailed explanation, see this stackoverflow post. Git is not the same as GitHub. Given the success of both our Java 8 Best Practices Cheat Sheet and our Java 8 Streams Cheat Sheet, it looks like cheat sheets are going to become 'a thing' for RebelLabs! Git cheat sheet. I'm working with Git now for about two years but only for my personal projects and those I have on GitHub. Here we discussed the Gitflow Workflow. They always have a place, from casual social media use to top level inbound marketing strategies. Installing Git on Windows To do develoment for Android you will most likely want to install Git in order to get at various source code repositories. Pull Request - gated - code reviews Command Line get latest = git pull check in = git add -A (stage), commit -m "commit message" (repeat), git push git checkout is switching the branch. Keep one of our Git Cheat Sheets nearby for reference. Our Git cheat sheet saves you from learning all the commands by heart. If you r moving to Git from TFS to SVN or another centralized VC system, then you may find the below command mapping helpful. Escribir un post sobre qué es un cheatsheet parece un poco inservible, pero además de explicarte qué es una cheatsheet, también pretendo que sea un directorio de enlaces imperecedero donde volver cada cierto tiempo para encontrar este tipo de documento. This cheatsheet is inspired by Git Book I've read a few days ago. Build Better Software. "Old Town Road" might have opened the door for country-rap artists, but Blanco Brown is following his footsteps. We have seen the quick guide and Vi cheat sheet download in an earlier post. It does not allow row or cell spanning as well as putting multi-line text in a cell. git · git cheat sheet · git cheat sheet. We made this git cheat sheet to help you in your daily usage of git version control system. Even with a GUI application like Tower at hand there are times when you resort to the command line. As there are several ways to accomplish these tasks using git and GitHub, this section reflects one method suitable for new contributors. The git API is so vast and so esoteric, I can barely manage to keep a fraction of one-percent of it in my head. If you have extra time Do work on someone else’s branch #Fetch all the branches from remote git fetch --all #Show a list of all branches. Checking out modules - how to retrieve and identify modules in the Magnolia Git repository. Git doesn't have to be used with GitHub (even though you can). Cut2SizeMetals. To make things easier for you, I have come up with this Git cheat sheet, along with a glossary of terms to help you out. Absolute paths are usually written with respect to the file system's root directory, and begin with either "/" (on Unix) or "\" (on Microsoft Windows). Using one of these, git prefix, you can just commit with proper message without bothering about prefix and add prefix only in the end before the final push. git checkout master git merge test Once you have dealt with any conflicts you can push your master changes to the remote repository: git push origin master:master. The following are guides to basic GitLab functionality: Create and add your SSH public key, for enabling Git over SSH. Git cheatsheet. I’ve used cvs, VSS, TFS, SVN and now git and I’ve got to say it is definitely pretty cool (and free). People tend use GitHub though in their business or development workflow as a managed hosting solution for backups of their repositories. Git Handbook. How to quickly get started with Git/GitHub. Though there are many UI tools available for Git, but sometimes working with Git command is very tricky. Git version control in VS Code. It usually took me hours to add all tasks for my team for the next sprint in TFS. Over 100,000 developers and designers are more productive with Tower - the most powerful Git client for Mac and Windows. The installer will check a few PHP settings and then download composer. It's important to understand that git checkout -- [file] is a dangerous command. git tf clone {server URI} edwd.xhrh.pw Same as git clone, but for TFS git tf checkin --associate={story number} pushes commits to TFS git tf pull Gets commits from TFS DEVELOPMENT WORKFLOW with Git TF # Start in c:\Projects git tf clone {tfsserver} {repoLocation} # Start on master git tf pull # to get latest. We cannot connect because it keep saying that combination of the URL and username are not valid, but I am able to clone repository from inside our server. This way, your teammates can look up important Git instructions easily. At Codica, we use many of them on a day-to-day basis developing web solutions for our customers. Incorporates changes from a remote repository into the current branch. Git-flow workflow and pull-requests 1. In this Cheat sheet CCNA article, we will discuss what CCNA is and the different CCNA commands. I’ve used cvs, VSS, TFS, SVN and now git and I’ve got to say it is definitely pretty cool (and free). Update a forked repository. Though there are many UI tools available for Git, but sometimes working with Git command is very tricky. Introduction. Git Cheat Sheet: Useful Commands, Tips and Tricks About Sentheon Hi there. pdf), Text File (. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. git submodule update is needed because git pull does not update shared library code contained in the submodules. Git Cheat Sheet Collaborative programming is very. Gitflow is one of many styles of Git workflows you and your team can utilize. What is a Cheat Sheet? A cheat sheet is a concise set of notes used for quick reference. How to retrieve a list of programs installed on Windows using PowerShell. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Visual Studio 2015 keyboard shortcuts The complete list Go To Git Changes Ctrl+0, Ctrl+G Ctrl+0. This resource provides different source of GIT cheat sheets or GIT cheat commands that provides small list of usable GIT commands. Git Cheat Sheet for TFS Users November 24, 2015 by Ben Day. I hope that. “Cheat Sheet” of Perforce command-line | Perforce command-line Guide A way to remember data-mining commands The following is a set of questions that will be used during the Perforce training to remind students which “data-mining” commands to use for specific situations. Great cheat sheet!. origin is the alias name git remote add origin [email protected] knowledge a noob like me needed to know to operate TFS 2010 for the first time. It is a distributed revision control system with an emphasis on speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows. GIT is the source code management (SCM) system, which is used to track the changes and central system to commit the changes for different programmers. Git is a member of Software Freedom ConservancySoftware Freedom Conservancy. They always have a place, from casual social media use to top level inbound marketing strategies. by Ryan Irelan. All gists Back to GitHub. Download… See more. a commit using git bash and bc3 Next Post. "TFS is a very popular tool in the enterprise, and Git has grown up in the open-source community," said Brian Harry, a Microsoft technical fellow and the TFS product unit manager. The Git Cheatsheet (PDF document) contains a list of the git commands that are frequently used. Your commit message will appear in the integrated terminal (commit format - git commit -m ":: ") Proceed with life; intended for use with integrated terminal; Cheat Sheet. Customization and Integration. A list of handy git commands to make your life easier! Follow me @soulrider911. We are trying to use one repository Git with TFS to versioning our model repository. Join today to get access to thousands of courses. Some parts of it may be out of date. Abstract: TFS and Visual Studio Online (VSO) have embraced Git as one of the default options for version control while creating a new team project. However that all changed when I was working remote and forgot I disabled the port no my network, rather than with the server. We made this git cheat sheet to help you in your daily usage of git version control system. Whether you're just getting started or you use GitHub every day, the GitHub Professional Services Team can provide you with the skills your organization needs to work smarter. mais ★ ★ ★ Este cheatsheet demonstra o uso básico e o efeito das operações do git-flow ★ ★ ★. Good luck! This document is designed to show that using git on Windows is not a difficult process. Atlassian Bamboo. At Codica, we use many of them on a day-to-day basis developing web solutions for our customers. References. Git Command Cheat Sheet. Markdownish syntax for generating flowcharts, sequence diagrams, class diagrams, gantt charts and git graphs. Git is an SCM with its main emphasis being on speed. Git is a member of Software Freedom ConservancySoftware Freedom Conservancy. : git reset [file] Remove [file] from the staging area, but leave the working directory unchanged. git commit -m "My initial commit message" --add remote repository to project. As an open source distributed version control system, there are many ways to use Git. Here is my little cheat sheet for working with git at the command line. In fact, Git has so many uses that memorizing its various commands can be a daunting task, which is why we've created this git cheat sheet. They always have a place, from casual social media use to top level inbound marketing strategies. git mv and git rm mark files to be moved (rename) and removed, respectively, much like git add. More and more of my TFS consulting customers are interested in Git. This section starts with a set of machines all tied together with an ethernet switch and running Ubuntu Server 16. It's got a whole lotta commands ready for cheatin'. We transitioned from manually merging our code to using GitHub. This is the home of Version Control with Subversion, a free book about the ubiquitous Apache™ Subversion® version control system and written by some of the developers of Subversion itself. Documentation Manuals. A list of handy git commands to make your life easier! Follow me @soulrider911. All gists Back to GitHub. To do so, click on the Initialize git repository button in. git status To remind you of where you left off. I found this blog post by Rene van Osnabrugge really helpful to get a foothold into the Git world. Git cheat sheet This is not a tutorial for the absolute beginner, nor is it an exhaustive collection of every git command known to man. This Git cheat sheet saves you time when you just can't remember what a command is or don't want to use git help in the command line. GitHub for Visual Studio 2. In case your Linux server does not run in a Synology VM , skip step 1 - in addition you have to adapt the lfs storage path in step 2 accordingly. This is intended as a quick reference and showcase. And while nothing can replace getting in and getting used to Git on the command line and elsewhere, sometimes we just need a […]. A comprehensive cheat sheet for daily work with Git. Git Popular contemporary VCS Seen as. Working with Eclipse and Git. Though there are many UI tools available for Git, but sometimes working with Git command is very tricky. It seems like the all cool guys are moving to GitHub, which uses, as the name implies, GIT as source control system. Thanks for your question. Git Cheat Sheet. It is a distributed revision control system with an emphasis on speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows. The installer will check a few PHP settings and then download composer. I would love to hear your thoughts and opinions. BEST POST EVER for solving this! I had connected via the “git-ready-only”, which got me into the condition you solve. Ctl + Shift + P (or Cmd + Shift + P on Mac) to open command prompt. Get started. Git is a member of Software Freedom ConservancySoftware Freedom Conservancy. The Standard in Open Source Version Control Version Control with Subversion Introduction. Git command examples and explanations Note: These commands assume you are using Git Bash, and that you have opened the Git Bash console in a work directory containing the files and subfolders. In the previous installments of this series, I have covered important topics such as a beginners Git tutorial, branch management and conflict resolution, and the best Git GUI clients for different platforms. We have seen the quick guide and Vi cheat sheet download in an earlier post. git checkout master git merge test Once you have dealt with any conflicts you can push your master changes to the remote repository: git push origin master:master. Then, add a. Sep 29 th, 2013. The Using Git Cheat Sheet is available in several languages. Less runs on both the server-side (with Node. git github snippits cheatsheet version control. We have to do a git merge for these changes get stored in out master branch. It's especially helpful for programmers, sysadmins, and site reliability engineers (SREs) alike. These are the most basic questions. exe on a cmd shell, but then you don’t get the fancy colors in your prompt or tab completion. A tiny git cheat sheet written in React. Shop Overstock. Git Flow collaboration cheat sheet. Why Jenkins? Jenkins is a software that allows continuous integration. References. If the local branch is still there then you might need to unset the upstream by running the following command. Teams of developers and open-source software maintainers typically manage their projects through Git, a distributed version control system that supports collaboration. Incorporates changes from a remote repository into the current branch. git mv and git rm mark files to be moved (rename) and removed, respectively, much like git add. GitHub Learning Labs. Then hold down the Ctrl key, Shift Key, or Alt Key when the dialog is open, and you'll see what short cuts are applicable to the development pane that you're in. Sam, that's brilliant! I'm still using SVN, but dabbling in Git, and this is just the thing to help me make the jump. Here is a list of some basic Git commands to get you going with Git. This article shows the list of the 10 most popular continuous testing tools in 2019. By default, Cloud Foundry uploads all app files except version control files and folders with names such as. Icy of merge tap; gill b x single: for. Git-flow & pull requests Bartosz Kosarzycki Apr 15, 2016 2. VSTS was called. About this site Patches, suggestions, and comments are welcome. A Git Cheat Sheet For That Quick Reminder Switching from subversion to Git was a paradigm shift that took some getting use to, but looking back now, the switch was worth it. git rm -r --cached. Git is a version control system for tracking changes in computer files and coordinating work on those files among multiple people. Git is the free and open source distributed version control system that's responsible for everything GitHub related that happens locally on your computer. However that all changed when I was working remote and forgot I disabled the port no my network, rather than with the server. Rebasing git checkout master git pull. A comprehensive cheat sheet for daily work with Git. Teams of developers and open-source software maintainers typically manage their projects through Git, a distributed version control system that supports collaboration. Here you can find some basic Markdown syntax guidance and specific guidance for. Perfect “map” to assist in finding some common ground between Git and Tfs! When coming from a visual SourceSafe / Tfs background the transition to Git can be a bit intimidating. Everything curl. Excel for Office 365 cheat sheet: Ribbon quick reference CodePlex project managers now can control code with Git, in addition to Mercurial and TFS. Git is a great distributed source control system and with the introduction of Update 2 for Visual Studio 2012, you no longer have an excuse to not start using it. Check the status of the current repository: git status This will return details of which files are modified and any files that are untracked, etc. Also, creates new branches. name "My Name" git config --global. git submodule update is needed because git pull does not update shared library code contained in the submodules. Repo: A special copy of your project that includes a list of changes (commits) you've made over time; Local: The copy of the repo you have on your machine. Daily Work Staging add pathspec add -A pathspec. Once you have Git installed, you can move on to basic Git commands with examples to make friends with Git. x Mappings between Gerrit Access Control and TeamForge source code permissions Gerrit configuration properties Gerrit performance cheat sheet. To do so, click on the Initialize git repository button in. About Git Flow. More and more of my TFS consulting customers are interested in Git. Git is a version control system that is widely used for software development and other version control tasks. net/git/ Based on work by Zack Rusin Basics Use git help [command] if you're stuck. Git Clone without a Password Prompt. edu ; Use Self-Help Resources; Check Your Incidents & Requests; See IT Service Statuses. This resource provides different source of GIT cheat sheets or GIT cheat commands that provides small list of usable GIT commands. This cheat sheet is an easy way to get up to speed on GitHub. Git doesn't have to be used with GitHub (even though you can). As I've begun to set up my own private Git hosting repository (see Private Git hosting services, and My A2 Hosting Git repository using SSH), it's time to cram all these Git commands back into my head again. Commands and Content on Cheat sheet CCNA. Prior to Git 1. As such, I wanted to outline a few of the commands that I commonly (and sometimes uncommonly) reach for. In the previous installments of this series, I have covered important topics such as a beginners Git tutorial, branch management and conflict resolution, and the best Git GUI clients for different platforms. It is available in English. Teams of developers and open-source software maintainers typically manage their projects through Git, a distributed version control system that supports collaboration. Sure, you can still use git. Git is a member of Software Freedom ConservancySoftware Freedom Conservancy. Git Cheat Sheet 25 November 2017 React. This cheat sheet summarizes commonly used Git command line instructions for quick reference. As the Internet industry progresses, creating a REST API becomes more concrete with emerging best practices. Sign in Sign up Git Cheat Sheets from Github. NET Web applications and Web services. More and more of my TFS consulting customers are interested in Git. We have prepared a Git performance tuning cheat sheet for you that talks about all relevant factors for Git server performance, HW sizing, software tuning parameters and strategies how to deal with heavy CI use cases. Git Cheat Sheet Create From existing repo From existing data cd ~/projects/myproject git init git add. gitignore file to tell Git to ignore your Subversion directories. git push origin --delete. Chris Bourke [email protected] You can also check out more Markdown tools. If you’re used to a centralized version control system like Team Foundation Server Version Control (TFVC), it can be a little tricky to make the move to Git — not because it’s all that hard — mostly because the terminology is completely different. More and more of my TFS consulting customers are interested in Git. In its default mode, git pull is shorthand for git fetch followed by git merge FETCH_HEAD. Even with a GUI application like Tower at hand there are times when you resort to the command line. Rebase workflow Get latest changes to feature branch git pull origin/feat_branch Get latest changes to master git pull origin/master Checkout feature branch git checkout feat_branch Rebase on Origin/master to current checked out branch git rebase origin/master Any conflicts –resolve them Update staging git add. Is there a GIT cheat sheet that is a good balance between thorough explanation of commands and brevity? Thank you. Here you can find some basic Markdown syntax guidance and specific guidance for. Git Cheat Sheet. guide; combining two branches; three-way merge common ancestor; snapshot to merge into; snapshot to merge in; result of a three-way merge is a merge commit has two parents, one from each. Maybe you've read about Git for a long time and use it for your private projects. Git Terms: Explained Git is a tool shrouded in terminology and jargon, which can often be off-putting for new users, or those who know Git basics but want to become Git masters. Ctl + Shift + P (or Cmd + Shift + P on Mac) to open command prompt. But in this post I'll show how to work with git from terminal (console) in Linux or using git-bash in Windows. If you're used to a centralized version control system like Team Foundation Server Version Control (TFVC), it can be a little tricky to make the move to Git — not because it's all that hard — mostly because the terminology is completely different. Escribir un post sobre qué es un cheatsheet parece un poco inservible, pero además de explicarte qué es una cheatsheet, también pretendo que sea un directorio de enlaces imperecedero donde volver cada cierto tiempo para encontrar este tipo de documento. com, your source for custom fabrication and online metals, offers aluminum, stainless steel, brass, and copper, in stock and available to cut and ship today!. Uses git rebase instead of merge to integrate the branches. About this site Patches, suggestions, and comments are welcome. Deutsches Git Cheat Home Alarm Systems For work flow and version control. I’ve used cvs, VSS, TFS, SVN and now git and I’ve got to say it is definitely pretty cool (and free). No longer: this cheat sheet is licensed to you under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3. Quoting my email to the Git mailing list: I took a short break from being insanely handsome (which takes a lot of my time - gorgeous doesn't just happen) and based on similar work for Mercurial created a little SVG cheat sheet for Git. A tiny git cheat sheet written in React. Website | GitHub Project. It does not allow row or cell spanning as well as putting multi-line text in a cell. Git does not track a remote branch (since VS 2017) 2 Solution VisualStudio 2017 freezes and crashes on file copy in Team Services project. Git: A cheat sheet. Make sure that you select the correct version of this article for Azure DevOps Services or Azure DevOps Server, renamed from Team Foundation Server (TFS). Markdownish syntax for generating flowcharts, sequence diagrams, class diagrams, gantt charts and git graphs. Git is distributed version control, meaning the entire repo and history lives wherever you put it. Setup instructions - download and setup for different operating systems. Need more help? The CA Agile Central Community is your one-stop shop for self-service and support. To submit feedback or cases to CA Agile Central Support, find answers, and collaborate with others, please join us in the CA Agile Central Community. It has attracted a lot of attention because it is very well suited to collaboration and scaling the development team. Of course, you can use SmartGit like any other Git client with your own Git repositories or other hosting providers (e. For example, fixing two diffe-. About this site Patches, suggestions, and comments are welcome. NET provides a complete development environment in which you can create a variety of applications ranging from Windows applications to ASP. Basic Commands: Initialize local git repository > git init. This editor has a lot of cool new features. Visual Studio Code is free and available on your favorite platform - Linux, macOS, and Windows. Markdown is a way to style text on the web. Mostly, Markdown is just regular text with a few non-alphabetic characters thrown in, like # or *. The following links are available in the Voter Cheat Sheet. So below is a cheat sheet from what I have been able to discover so far. Git is one of the, if the not the, most popular version control systems available. git checkout filename. To check if you’re up-to-date with GitHub run git fetch origin before git status and you’ll know you’re up-to-date. I work at Samsara – #16 Top Start Up according to LinkedIn. I wrote a very simple, very basic introduction after I showed my lab some of the basics of version control (git — in the most simple terms, it is a system to keep track of your code) and a website providing such services (GitHub). You are also free to add your language file. As a system administrator we often need to issue number of commands to accomplish the task, we can add these all commands together in a text file (Shell Script) to complete daily. It is available in English. If you are not familiar with the workflow yet, make sure you follow the link at the beginning of each section and read the detailed description. Creating and Applying Patch Files in Git. TFS can handle your source code through a traditional TFS Source Control Repository or as a Git repository, i.